Tag Archives: Bodhi Schofield

Holy Night (Not Gonna Wait Until the End of Me)

When signs of cyanosis first appear, such as on the lips or fingers, intervention should be made within 3–5 minutes because a severe hypoxia or severe circulatory failure may have induced the cyanosis.


-From the Wikipedia entry for “Cyanosis,” the condition of bluish coloration on the skin or mucus membranes indicating low oxygen saturation of these membranes-essentially, suffocation.


I had originally intended to write this blog on Monday, January 13th but was sidelined, perhaps ironically, by developing pneumonia. On that day, former Fullerton Police officer Manuel Ramos and former Fullerton Corporal Jay Cicinelli were acquitted of all charges (second degree murder and involuntary manslaughter/excessive use of force, respectively) by an Orange County jury in the death of Kelly Thomas.


Originally, I added “a 37 year old homeless schizophrenic man” but then deleted it. Although true, that addendum to Kelly’s name has become an unintentional “caveat” for his death. It is the only reason I can think of as to why a twelve people could not even convict Ramos and Cicinelli for clear use of excessive force.


No, his name was Kelly Thomas. Nothing else matters except his life was ended by a pile of Fullerton Police officers.


It is probably a good thing I couldn’t write this blog right away. My first version, I am sure, would have spewed rage at both the officers who took his life, fellow Fullerton officers who defended their actions, and the jury. I could not fathom the jury’s decision, since the entire incident was recorded on video and by the officer’s audio recorders. There was no guess work here, no interpretation needed. Originally, I felt that the only way a jury could find Ramos and Cicinelli not guilty of excessive force was if they felt Kelly “got what was coming to him.” In other words, they must have felt Kelly’s actions justified what happened to him.


But that’s not what I am going to do. Instead, I am going to compare Kelly’s actions through out the video with the actions of my schizophrenic daughter, Jani, currently 11 years old. It is my hope that members of the jury and police officers everywhere will read this. Not because I want you to feel guilt or because I am angry with what you did. I just need you to understand what happened the night of July 5th, 2011, through the eyes of a parent with a schizophrenic child.


First, you must watch the video. Many people cannot get through the whole thing. But you have to. You have to watch it, not for the shock of seeing a man beaten to death but to understand how all of Kelly’s actions can be explained by his schizophrenia.


embedded by Embedded Video

YouTube Direkt

00:25: Officer Ramos is casually swinging his baton. It should not be out unless Ramos believes he is under threat. Based on his swinging of the baton, he does not appear in a defensive stance or ready to use the weapon.


Although the audio is broken, Ramos states “….trying door handles on cars,” apparently accusing Kelly of doing this. Kelly responds, repeatedly “I don’t know what you are talking about.”


Let’s stop right there. Police officers are trained to investigate and so, by nature of their training, they assume every person they question who does not provide an immediate answer to be lying. “I don’t know what you are talking about,” sounds like a lie. Except listen to Kelly’s tone. It is the same tone you would use if I asked you to explain Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity.


I will often ask Jani questions about things that happened hours ago, like “What did you do in school today?” or “Who did you play with at recess?” She cannot immediately answer. Typically, most questions directed at Jani must be asked multiple times to elicit a response. This is because schizophrenia is a thought disorder that interferes with the ability to think clearly. Jani’s mind neither stores information like the rest of us nor can she access it as quickly as the rest of us. Some questions she can answer immediately if she is thinking about it but most require repetition and even then there is no guarantee we will get an answer.


But how do police react to someone who cannot immediately answer a question?


Either they are lying or they are on narcotics.


The more officers have to ask the question, the more annoyed they get and they take this as resistance from the person. Those with mentally ill children know that most questions must be asked multiple times.


Kelly is not resistant because he hands over his backpack to be searched.


In the next minute, Ramos mocks Kelly by asking him what language he wants him to speak in. We don’t know what Kelly said but it might have been something like “I don’t understand what you are saying.” Police officers assume their questions are clear. When Jani is asked multiple questions, she shuts down. She can only handle one question and one answer at a time. After the response, she needs time to process whether her answer was “correct.” If it was, she draws satisfaction from that and takes several moments before she is ready to move on. Rapid fire questions to someone with schizophrenia will draw a frustrated response as new questions come before the previous one can be processed. Want to know what this like? Find someone who speaks a language you are not conversational in and ask them to talk you at natural speed in their native tongue, all while you try to translate in your head. I can read Spanish and I can understand but if the Spanish speaker doesn’t give me time to translate in my head, I rapidly fall behind. It becomes so hopeless I give up and stop attempting to understand.


This is what happens to people with schizophrenia every day and what happened to Kelly.


Kelly keeps asking Ramos what he wants to know and Ramos has changed his question from trying the door handles on cars to mockingly asking him what language Kelly wants him to speak in. Kelly begins to take him literally. By 1:09, Kelly thinks he is in a conversation about languages he speaks, like you would have a conversation over coffee, while Ramos is getting increasingly sarcastic. Kelly does realize Ramos is being sarcastic or hostile.


At 1:24, Ramos points to Officer Wolfe and says “My partner speaks ten different languages.” I assume thinks he is being funny because he still thinks he is dealing with a man who is lying to him. Kelly turns around and says, “I don’t see him.” Wolfe responds, “Right here,” but Kelly does not turn to Wolfe.


This is common in both autism and schizophrenia. Kelly wasn’t lying. He literally didn’t see Wolfe and even once Wolfe acknowledged himself, Kelly did not acknowledge him. This is the hyper-focus on what is in front. Both those with autism and those with schizophrenia struggle to talk to two people at once. Jani cannot have a back and forth conversation.


It is also possible Kelly literally couldn’t see Wolfe due to hallucinations. When you experience hallucinations, it is hard to discern who is real and who is not. It is entirely likely, since Ramos was the one engaging with Kelly, that Wolfe, if Kelly saw him at all, might have been dismissed as a hallucination. We’ll never know.


Ramos then returns to asking about the car doors and Kelly keeps responding “I don’t know what you are talking about.” Ramos is frustrated by a lack of a “yes” or “no” answer but again, this is common for those with schizophrenia. They don’t necessarily see “yes or no” questions as “yes or no.” Kelly can’t answer what he doesn’t know so he repeats “I don’t know what you are talking about.” With Jani, the questions must be specific and repeated and I don’t get a “yes or no.” She doesn’t say “I don’t know what you are talking about,” but she does say, “I don’t know.” Not defiant. Just fact. When most of us don’t have an answer, we default to “no,” as in “No, I didn’t try to break into cars. Jani does not. Partially, this is because she can’t be entirely sure what she did. She has to think about it. When you don’t have a strong grasp on reality, it is hard to answer.


Here, try something.


How many times did you try to break into a car today?


Easy, right?

Now, how many times have you been to the bathroom today?


Can you answer that? It gets harder, doesn’t it? Three? Four?


How many times did you cross your living room today? How many times have you passed your dog or cat today? How many times have your children asked you a question? What were you doing at exactly 10:49 this morning?


The fact is that you can’t remember these things because they weren’t significant to you at the time. You could not answer with a “yes or no” because you don’t know. For those with schizophrenia, almost every moment is like trying to remember the mundane. Most moments in the past are foggy. If you are neurotypical and a cop asks you a question, you will rip your brain open to remember. But a cop has no significance to someone with schizophrenia. Jani meets cops all the time but never remembers because they don’t mean anything to her. The badge, the gun. These mean nothing. If you don’t talk to her about what she wants to talk about or play with her, you don’t exist.


Cops are trained to be distant… which is exactly what puts them into conflict with the mentally ill. If you want to be remembered, you have to engage the person in their world. Coming in with a gun and a badge and a taser and a baton means nothing. Those with schizophrenia require you to earn authority through trust and familiarity. Cops, unfortunately, just assume authority because the law gives it.

At around 4:00, Kelly won’t give his first name, saying “I don’t know. I gave up on it.”

Imagine what Jani would do if the police asked her, “Is your name ‘January?’”

How would Ramos have responded to an adult Jani?

We’ll put aside Ramos’s statement “…fucking take him for 496” even though Wolfe, the lead officer, says “Let’s see if [the owner of the mail in Kelly’s backpack] is the victim of theft,” apparently wanting to dispense with due process investigation, followed by the infamous, “See these fists? They’re about to fuck you up,” despite the fact that Kelly is in no way threatening in his behavior.


The conflict starts because Ramos wants Kelly to stick his legs out in front of him and place his hands on his knees. Kelly is unable to comply. This is taken as resistance by Ramos. Unfortunately, this is where thought disorder comes in again. If Jani stubs her toe, she will literally believe she cannot walk. Individuals with schizophrenia do not have the same ability to follow physical directions as their mind dictates what they can do, not their body. Jani will sometimes believe she cannot climb a flight of stairs even though there is nothing physically wrong with her. At 14:45, Ramos begins ordering Kelly to stick his feet out in front of him. The speech is hostile and rapid. It takes Kelly, who had been in his own world for the last several minutes, a few seconds to comply. He does but by 15:38 he is frustrated by what he perceives as Ramos’s changing orders. At 15:39, Ramos, clearly angry, is the first to make contact, placing his hand on Kelly’s shoulder before withdrawing it. Ramos grabs him again at 15:41 and Kelly rises, angry.


Basic rule of dealing with someone in a psychotic state. Do not touch them unless they invite you to. For Kelly, “fight or flight” is beginning to kick in. At 15:45, Wolfe comes around the patrol car with his baton out. Kelly puts up his hands in a surrender motion while backing away. Despite this, Wolfe strikes him in the back of the knees with his baton.


Kelly never struck either officer. Ramos grabbed him twice and Wolfe hit him with the baton even though Kelly was not threatening either officer.


Now begins the most difficult part of the video. Kelly apologizes profusely but the officers won’t relent because he will not go face down. He is tasered five times. He starts calling out to his father.


At 19:30, Cicinelli can be seen repeatedly beating at Kelly’s head with the butt of his taser. At 19:40, Cicinelli says, “He’s on something,” an assertion he will make several more times, including the paramedics.


No, he wasn’t, Mr. Cicinelli. First, cops are trained to get suspects face down even though any one trained in therapeutic restraints knows you don’t do that. You stay off the chest.


Kelly thinks his legs are broken. Remember what I said about Jani thinking her foot is broken? Even if you put aside the severe beating he has gotten, his mind is telling him he has a serious injury and cannot move.


Through minutes 21 and 22, Kelly’s speech becomes slower and more muffled. An officer comments “He is going to sleep.”


No, he was dying. By the 22nd minute, he was repeating only, “Help me.” At 22:46 he mumbles “Help me.”


They are the last words he will ever utter. In the minute following, it is sickly comical that the officers are trying to figure out how to keep restraining Kelly when he has already lost consciousness.


Cicinelli comments, “The problem is he is gonna fight so we gotta get him, really, really good.”


No, I think you’ve already done that.


In minute 24, they notice that Kelly is bleeding a lot. Apparently, after they notice the blood all over themselves. Then they are not sure if he is still breathing.


Now the level of injury becomes apparent. “They hit him in the head. Side of his head.” Cicinelli offers his first defense, saying, “I think it’s him because, I, I, I ran out…we ran out… we ran out of options  so I got the end of my taser and I probably…. I just start smashing his face to hell.”


According to the Fullerton Police Department, this is apparently within training. Ramos and Cicinelli’s defense attorney, after their acquittal, said that they were “peace officers” doing what they were trained to do.


“Smashing” someone’s “face to hell” is part of standard police training? This was the police “doing their jobs?”


That’s a scary thought. This is where respect for law enforcement crosses to fear. How can you respect those who are trained to smash your face to hell? Fear them, sure? But trust them?


And that is the problem. How do we trust the police anymore? The weekend before Ramos and Cicinelli were acquitted, an 18 year old boy in North Carolina was shot to death by an officer who allegedly stated “We don’t have time for this.”


Cicinelli continues to tell anyone who will listen in the video that Kelly had to have been “on something” as it took three of them. It actually took six officers to hold him down.


Let’s talk about Bodhi. Bodhi is 45 pounds. When Bodhi goes into self harm, it takes at least three to four full size adults to restrain him. His behaviorists have had to undergo a specific class formed just for those BT’s who work with Bodhi on specifically HOW to restrain Bodhi without hurting him and without letting him hurt himself. One of his respite care workers, a full grown former basketball player told me that Bodhi is harder to restrain than the 24 year autistic adults he works with. The difficultly comes in trying to restrain without harm.


In a psychotic or autistic rage, those that suffer can exhibit superhuman strength.


Because they are fighting for their lives from something inside of them.


If you watch to the end of the video, after the paramedics arrive, you will see why I opened with the mention of cyanosis.


Every action of Kelly was consistent with a person suffering from schizophrenia. He never initiated the violence. He tried to run and he could not physically comply with officers although he was not aggressive or violent. And he died for it.


Ramos and Cicinelli were acquitted. Susan thought people might riot. I didn’t think so. Modern Americans only riot if their team wins a championship.


I stated on the JF Facebook page immediately after the verdict that the police could not be trusted anymore. I took some flack for this, mostly from wives of law enforcement. I get it. You don’t want your husband lumped in with two thugs.


But trust is earned, not given. For too long, police have assumed that they should be respected simply because of their job. Part of it born out of 9/11 and the first responders who died. Part of it is we think we need the police to protect us.


But who protects the mentally ill from the police?


The answer is all of us.


I don’t hate cops. But enough of them have told me that they assume every one they come into contact with is on drugs. Because so many of them are. Drug addiction and mental illness get conflated. But even a drug addict doesn’t deserve to be beaten to death.


I cannot say Ramos and Cicinelli were “just a few bad apples” so many want me to. Because the problem isn’t Ramos and Cicinelli. It’s the Fullerton officers who defended them. The officers who refuse to speak up about abuse are no better than the officers who perpetrate it. If police officers and departments want the people to trust them, they have to stand up and say, “This kind of excessive force will not be tolerated.” They have to stand up and say, “We do not defend these officers or their actions. They are a blight upon our profession. They represent the antithesis of who we are and what we do.” In short, I am asking law enforcement to stop standing up for the brotherhood and stand up for what is right. Stand up for the people you swore to defend with your life. Ramos should have been reported years before for his use of language. Officers must not protect other officers who do not uphold everything that is noble about being a police officer.


Until that time, it is up to us, the people, to watch the police and to let them know we are watching. Yours is a position of trust.


Earn it back.


Right now, I tell my son and daughter to listen to you because I fear what you will do to them. I cannot tell them to trust you.


And that breaks my heart.


embedded by Embedded Video

YouTube Direkt


Automatic for the People

Susan tells me Jani once spent Christmas inpatient at UCLA. She tells me that I had to take Jani back on December 23rd, which is Susan’s birthday, and she was holding Bodhi and crying.


I don’t remember this. That bothers me. It makes me feel like I can only focus on one child at a time, neglecting whichever one is not in crisis.


It’s funny those that read January First and criticize me for my constant harping on Jani’s IQ of 146 in the first half of the book. No, funny isn’t the right word. I am not sure what the right word is but suffice it to say that there has been a karmic revenge for that. Jani’s current academic skills range between third grade and her actual sixth grade level. Mathematics is the area at grade level, while reading comprehension lags. She struggles with the drawing details from a story. She struggles to hold onto a plot point that occurred on the previous page.  Some things stick in her mind and others do not. Pretty much everything I taught her in her early life, pre age five, is gone.


I thought about this tonight as I changed Bodhi’s diaper at UCLA, thinking perhaps a fresh diaper might help him fall asleep. Bodhi turned six years old this month. He can use the toilet but generally will not do it on his own. You have to take him and pull down his pants. Outside the hospital, this has to be done about every hour to avoid him wetting himself and of course the nursing staff are not going to do it that often. Of course, now they are treating him for diaper rash. At six years old. Jani never had diaper rash. I was religious about changing her. I never wanted her to exist with a wet or soiled diaper. No bladder infections either. Whatever my failings as a parent, I at least got that right.


Jani resisted potty training and Susan actually got her to do it at four years old by bribing her with a diaper, of all things. That was the only thing that would work. She was terrified to go without the diaper and that terror drove her to use the toilet in exchange for a diaper. After that, she never had an accident.


Bodhi never cared.


Over the years at UCLA, I have seen older children, severely autistic, in diapers. One, a boy who was twelve, stands out to me the most. I suppose what I am confronting now is that the body will keep growing, with or without the mind. I have a dear friend with a 15 year old daughter who has schizophrenia, among other maladies. She has to wear a diaper when she is on her period because she doesn’t react when she bleeds all over herself. Not that I expect that will happen to Jani. I don’t know how Jani will react but I suspect, given how she freaks out at a thin line of blood from a scratch, it will not be good. Jani is terrified of having loose stool and believes she is having it when she isn’t, even reaching into her pants and pulling out her hand and smelling it. This is despite the fact that her bowl movements are as large and as big as softballs, so much so that I have to get a plastic bag, the same baggies I use for the dogs, and break it into pieces so it will flush.

I have no idea why I am telling you this. Random people I don’t know on the internet criticize me for how I have “portrayed” Jani, telling me she will one day hate me for revealing such things about her to the world. I actually hope they are right because if they are then that means she will have recovered enough to care about her image on a macro scale. That would be a hell of an accomplishment. But she has to get there first. That kind of hatred, non psychotic hatred, requires a type of awareness and reflection that Jani is not yet capable of. Should she ever reach that point, then whatever judgment she renders upon me will be immaterial to what she has achieved by simply getting to that state. That would amount to essentially full recovery from schizophrenia. I guess I would trade her full functioning for her hating me. Seems like a small price to pay to me.


Bodhi, Bodhi, Bodhi. I still find fresh bitemarks on him. And bruises.


It feels like we are going around and around in circles. He has been inpatient for more than a month now, which is starting to feel an awful lot like Jani’s four month stay back in 2009. For two weeks there was no self harm, leading us to focus all our efforts on his environment outside the hospital, as he seemed to do better there. Then, in the third week, it began there, just like it did at home.


Four weeks in, after originally discarding the idea, the doctors wanted to try Adderal, a stimulant used in the treatment of ADHD. Given Jani’s reaction to stimulants, there was no way in hell I was going to try that outpatient. For Jani, Adderal and Ritalin, the first dose was like L-Dopa for Oliver Sacks’ encephalitis lethargica patients. It was a miracle drug. All of her aggression disappeared and she was actively engaged with other children, including carrying for younger ones. She was also happy, happier than I’d seen her since she was a toddler. I didn’t realize at the time being high makes you extremely happy, and stimulants make you high if you are not ADHD. Once the high wore off, she crashed with a ferocious bout of violence, with follow up doses having no effect. So, after two of these crashes and a heart racing so fast I was terrified she would go into cardiac arrest, ADHD was abandoned as a potential diagnosis.


Bodhi hasn’t had that reaction. It has wound him up, which is then followed by what the nurses call a “temper tantrum,” followed by nakedly autistic behavior where he doesn’t engage at all. Doesn’t even acknowledge our presence. Just lines up his cars. When I visit him later in the evening for his bedtime routine, he is back to being alert and engaged.


Some nurses will confess that they can identify no “antecedent” for Bodhi’s “tantrums,” that “most of the time they seem to come out of nowhere.” It has been described to me exactly like this: “One minute he is fine and then the next he is throwing a fit and then the next he is fine again.” Bodhi rarely gets a PRN because he comes out of these “tantrums” as quickly as he went in and there is no remnant that they ever happened except for the imprints of his own teeth on his skin.


Yet they are so confused.


If you replace the self-injurious behavior with aggression toward others, you have Jani. Bodhi’s self harm is lessened by Seroquel, an anti-psychotic that also worked to some extent with Jani from her first hospitalization at BHC Alhambra in March 2008 to December 2008, when she became acutely psychotic again and tried to jump out of her second story bedroom window. Head first. Like she could fly.


Have you ever read Oliver Sacks’ book Awakenings? No, neither have I, although I’ve seen the Robin Williams movie that it is based on. In fact, it was on TV tonight while I was trying to fall asleep in my home with one child missing. I never forgot it the first time I saw it. L-Dopa brought those men and women back to life. But then it stopped working. Catatonic behaviors returned, no matter how much the dose was increased. Anti-psychotics can do the same thing, work for a while and then stop working. Symptoms return and even to this day, doctors still keep increasing the dose in vain, hoping to slow the return of the symptoms. And then you are left changing your son’s diaper and kissing his head and telling him you love him and praying to God that passes for some semblance of a human life.


By the way, anti-psychotics also work on dopamine receptors, although what that has to do with psychotic behavior no one could tell you.


I write sentences like that to try and get away from the pain. What I wrote in the last sentence of the previous paragraph is the true crux of the issue. As a parent of a child with any sort of disability, what eats away at you is the guilt of not knowing whether you are doing enough to offset what the disability takes away. In essence, you want to feel, I want to feel, like Bodhi has some moments of happiness. I want him to feel like there are enough good moments in life that make up for the hell of the rest of it. Bodhi has no suicidal ideation, unlike Jani at that age. Which, by the way, is why I agreed to have Bodhi. Long before there was violence, there was depression. Yes, Jani was starting to act out in public but she wasn’t violent yet. What she seemed was depressed. Try as I might, nothing seemed to wake her up at life. She enjoyed nothing. I don’t know if I can describe what that feels like to see your five year old depressed. You shouldn’t feel like life has nothing left to offer at five years old. I gave her a sibling because it was the only thing that excited her. I did it out of a desperate hope that having a newborn sibling would give her a reason for living.


I am aware that that sounds fucked up now. Maybe you’ve never done anything fucked up for the happiness of your child. I don’t know. All I know is I have.


And I don’t regret it, because I love Bodhi and so does Jani. Now. Now she can be a big sister to him. But that lack of regret is still largely based on my selfish feelings of love for my son. Is he happy? Is he happy being alive? That’s what I want to know and that is what he can’t tell me.


If my children are not happy, and I don’t mean in the moment to moment but happy to be alive, that is the only thing I cannot deal with. It is the only failure that matters and their happiness, their desire to live, is the only success I care about. It’s the only thing I will ever care about. It is why I do everything I do, including the Jani Foundation. I am trying to create enough happy moments to keep pace with the moments of hell that their brains force upon them. Because I want them to keep fighting. Because I can’t ever free them from what they have. As long as they want to live, that is all that matters.


While I was holding Bodhi tonight, rocking him, trying to get him to sleep so I could go home only to come back and do it all over again tomorrow night, I tried to cry. I desperately want to cry. I can feel it but it just won’t come. I sob, but they are dry. It reaches the edge and then dies away, like the memories I have lost.


I know it is a defense mechanism. I want to feel the agony of loss and regret and fear of the future but I can’t because I still have to get Jani and Bodhi to that future. This is what it means, I guess, to advocate for your children. You have to suppress the natural emotions that come with seeing your child in this state so you can argue with the doctors or the school district for what you know they need. You can’t be an emotional wreck. You have to be a fighter because your child isn’t their child. They are never going to fight like you will. They will give up. You won’t.


But I think what bothers me the most, and what I am realizing as I go through this process again, is that it isn’t just the negative emotions that get suppressed. Love gets pushed down there as well, along with the pain and fear. I suppose this is because love causes pain and fear. The root emotion gets pushed down and I become automatic.


I don’t want to be automatic. I want to feel that pain because I want to feel that love, even if it rips me apart for a little while. Should I ever lose either of my children, I want to know that I loved them with every ounce of my being.


And I can’t do that without feeling the pain.

embedded by Embedded Video

YouTube Direkt

The Song Remains the Same

The song remains the same… and I am beginning to realize why.


One of the criticisms of our story that bothers me most is the question If you knew there was mental illness in your family, why did you have children? Or the slightly different but essentially the same question: If Jani was mentally ill, why did you decide to have a second child?


I have answered both of these questions before. I don’t like them because the unspoken implication of those questions is out and out eugenics. They question Jani and Bodhi’s right to exist, and by extension, the right of all those afflicted by mental illness to exist. Cancer, heart disease, and diabetes have congenital components but that doesn’t stop those who have the risk from procreating. Partly this is because the cause of procreation is not generally subject to a lot of thought. A man and a woman have sex. Life is created. In other words, not all of us are “planned.” In a post-contraceptive world with seven billion humans, we have the luxury of Monday morning quarterbacking whether we should have “allowed” such life to be created, but the fact remains that such considerations are generally not in the forefront during the act that creates life. And we should be grateful because without that biologically driven randiness from Mom and Dad on a Saturday night none of us would exist. How many of us owe our existence to a couple of glasses of wine, a few beers, and the miscalculation of Mom’s reproductive cycle?


The point is life is tenacious. So questioning the existence of a person after their creation is as pointless as lamenting the rising sun. It’s gonna happen.


And it doesn’t change our responsibility to the living. It’s not an excuse not to help. It gives no moral superiority.


Yeah, that’s right. You are not off the hook because you “decided” not to have children. My children are your children and your children are my children. I am responsible for your children and you are responsible for mine, caused by the simple reality that we share the same society.

But I digress.


I just really, really hate people who are advocate eugenics, even if they don’t realize that is what they are doing.


As I have said before, it is not like mental illness in our respective families was a topic at the dinner table growing up.


Let me ask you this? How much of your family history do you know?


You know Mom and Dad, right?



What you actually know is what you observed growing up. What you know is your perception of your parents as filtered through your young mind that for which the words “depression,” “Mania,” “bipolar,” “schizophrenia,” and even “autism” have no meaning, assuming you even hear them at all. Looking back now, I have no doubt my mother had schizophrenia. But when I was thirteen, she was just “odd.” Then she became a “freak,” and, as I angrily progressed through my teens and much of my twenties, a “psycho bitch.”


It wasn’t until Jani was formally diagnosed, more than a year after Bodhi was born, and a year after her violence began, that I could look back at my mother’s increasingly bizarre behavior through my childhood and see the connection.


After the word “schizophrenia” came up in relation to Jani’s behavior in 2008, I learned from dear old Dad that his cousin, my second cousin, had been diagnosed with schizophrenia. This was not jogged in my father’s memory until, directed by Janis psychiatrist, I asked Dad if there was any history of mental illness in our family. This conversation is recounted in January First so I am not going to rehash it here.


By that time, my father was my only connection to my family history. I had lost contact with my mother years earlier. To the best of my knowledge, my maternal grandparents are dead. I was never able to find my maternal uncles on Facebook (If anyone knows a Derek Hall that lived in Melbourne, Australia in the early 80s and has a son, Andrew, and a daughter, Julie, shoot me a note. I am also looking for a Michael Hall, my namesake, who was living in Brisbane in the early 80s and has a daughter, Olivia, as well as a David Hall, who is from Ballina, NSW, lived in Sydney and London in the late 70s/early 80s, and has two daughters who I have no clue what their names are but they would be in their early thirties by now). My paternal grandmother died in 2005. She never got to meet Jani but spoke to her over the phone. My paternal grandfather died in 1994. My father was an only child. I have only vague memories of my paternal great grandmother who died when I was a child. My father doesn’t even remember when his grandfather was born. He died when my Dad was just a kid. I knew almost nothing of my father’s cousins until one of the TV shows on us aired in Australia and my second cousin Bettie Anne reached out to me via the Jani Foundation Facebook page.


You see the problem here?


The Schofield family history is not exactly clear. In fact, it is pretty damn broken. My father says that my grandparents never really talked about the family when he was growing up.


It is the same on Susan’s side. News of Jani’s symptoms and diagnosis triggered, “You know, that reminds me of your second cousin [fill in the blank]” after the fact. There are questions about my father in law’s mental health history and he is still alive.

The point is you only know what people are willing to tell you and what they are willing to tell you is what they are willing to face. Even to this day there is no clear picture of what happened in the Susan’s family in the 1930s and 40s and mine in the 1950s and 60s. Just conjecture based on attempts to connect the behaviors of Jani and Bodhi to their ancestors.


Strangely though, I know every heart attack and bout with cancer in my family. Susan knows everybody who had diabetes in her family.


But this lack of a clear family history of mental illness is just the beginning. This same forgetting of history gets repeated on the macro, societal level as well.


You are here, reading this, because you saw Jani and our family on Oprah, or Dr. Phil, or one of the “Born Schizophrenic” Discovery Health/TLC (in North America) specials. What is that they always say? I don’t actually pay attention but it is something to effect of January is one of the rarest cases of childhood schizophrenia.


In every media appearance we’ve ever done, the “angle” that they always take is to focus on the “rarity.” Why? Because that is what makes for entertaining viewing. We do media to educate and even if the producers have the best of intentions, ultimately reality documentaries or daytime television or even the local news is about one thing: entertainment. They need you to watch. They need the ratings. So they spend their professional lives looking for what is new, rare, and shocking.


Jani’s story, our story, engaged you (assuming you don’t have a mentally ill child and you could directly relate) because you had never seen anything like this before. It was, as I said before, new, rare, and shocking.


But it’s only new to you.


I am six years into this life now, life with first one, now two, severely mentally ill children. Until tonight, I had never seen anyone like Jani or Bodhi on television.


Then I saw Brian in a documentary called Children of Darkness. Perhaps like you felt when you saw Jani on television for the first time, seeing Brian was new, rare, and shocking.


Except Brian shouldn’t be new, rare, and shocking. Neither should Children of Darkness.


Because it was filmed twenty years before Jani was born.


That’s right. Children of Darkness was shown on PBS stations in 1983.


Never heard of it? Don’t feel bad. Neither had I. Apparently, it was nominated for the Oscar for Best Documentary Film in 1983.

Then it faded into obscurity.


Watch it. Go ahead. I recommend watching it when you have 57 minutes to take it in one go, as well as time afterward to process what you have seen. It will level you. It leveled me and I thought I had seen everything there was to see.


At any length, you need to watch it before continuing the reading of this blog. Watch it when you have the time to give it the full attention it deserves and then come back. This blog isn’t going anywhere.


embedded by Embedded Video

YouTube Direkt



So, how do you feel after watching that?


Two things bother me about this film.


First, how the hell did I not know about this? If you want to know what Jani looked liked during her psychotic episodes, the scene with Brian punching the back seat of the bus in the beginning is exactly the same. If you want to know how Bodhi is doing, I give you the scene at Eastern State School where two people have to hold Brian down because he is trying to pull the dresser over on himself. Combine that with Billy Calhoun’s self-injurious behaviors that require him to be strapped down for all but the three times a day he is made to walk a corridor so his muscles don’t atrophy from being strapped down and you have Bodhi, although Bodhi is not YET as severe as Billy was.


As a side note, it is pretty shocking that they were still considering a lobotomy in the early 80s, isn’t it? If Billy’s self harm continued, that option was on the table.


For six years I have been searching for a history for children like Jani, Bodhi, Maddox, Mari, Briana, Little Brian, Jessica, Katelin, Andrew, and many many others. couldn’t accept that these children were just “rare” (the explanation of the doctors) or “new” (so many ask “Where are these children coming from?”). I couldn’t accept that it was bad parenting. Hell, I am better parent than a lot of parents I know with neurotypical children and I am sure as hell better, as are most parents today of mentally ill children, than our parents were or parents in general were in the 60s, 70s, and 80s. There had to be a history. I knew from Jani’s first social worker at UCLA, now retired, who had started her career at Camarillo State Hospital (now California State University Channel Islands) that there had been children in the state hospitals, but the state hospitals are gone in California and generally non-existent, especially for children, in other states.


I was searching for that history because although I have claimed that there is a history in many prior blogs, I was never able to really prove it. But deeper than that, I needed a history to try and understand how mental health advocacy could have been around for so long yet so little had changed.

Eastern State School and Hospital in Pennsylvania closed in 1995, three years after Camarillo State was closed here in California. Like Camarillo, which also housed children, it was closed in favor of smaller (read “private”) residential facilities like…


…Elan. You watched the segment on Elan. Is that a place you would like to be? Elan is closed but this documentary pretty much substantiates all the claims of abuses that have been leveled against Elan by survivors. I guess in 1981-82 when this was filmed they weren’t concerned about lawsuits. Hell, parents were paying $20,000 (over $51,400 in 2013 dollars) to send their kids there.


Elan may be gone but there are plenty of “residential treatment facilities” like it today. Your local school district contracts with places like that to take your child if their illness is too severe for district based special education.


South Beach Intensive “Care” Unit in New York where the three kids died? Still around, although now it is the South Beach Psychiatric Center and it is no longer a long term facility. Other than mostly private “residentials,” long term psychiatric care no longer exists in America.


South Beach in 1981 reminded me a lot of BHC Alhambra in 2008. Leave your children in their care and you might not get them back alive. Those kinds of full body restraints, the canvas bag, are illegal in California but that is still what they will do to your child if he or she should get sent to a “therapeutic residential” in states like Utah or Wyoming.


And yes, staff still think patients are “faking it” when their eyes roll back in their heads and they go into convulsions. Even within mental health “care” itself, there are still plenty of staff who believe these kids are “choosing” to be this way and there are still plenty of staff like that guy at South Beach who wouldn’t allow himself to see the patients as people.


In short, the marketing has gotten a little more sophisticated but much of mental health care still looks like it did in 1983.


Except for one thing…


The film says that 20,000 children are admitted to state psychiatric hospitals every year (I am assuming this is 1981-1982 numbers). Yet the state psychiatric hospitals are almost all gone.


So where did those kids go?


What happened to them?


What happened to Brian? What happened to Billy?


My research turned up nothing.


Absolutely nothing.


The media did not follow them. Oprah was still a few years away but where was Donahue?


Back then 20,000 kids with mental illnesses or autism or “emotional disturbances” entered and exited the state hospitals.


Today, they get flushed through acute psychiatric hospitals, with limited beds and insurance companies breathing down their necks. They get sent to residentials. They struggle through “emotionally disturbed” special ed programs. In almost all states, schools are now charged with providing mental health care.


And so a film that I had never heard of, supported by an organization I had never heard of (then the National Mental Health Association, now Mental Health America), finally gave me my history, allowing me to connect the past to the present. Brian and Billy to Jani and Bodhi.


Thirty years. Almost a third of a century. Most of my life.


And the song remains the same. These kids aren’t “new,” “rare,” or “shocking.” Just new, rare, and shocking to us.


Because we lost our history.


I’ll bet none of the producers of any of our media appearances have ever seen Children of Darkness.


Even worse, I bet most of today’s psychiatrists, nurses, and educators in “emotionally disturbed” programs have ever seen it either.


And that is the problem. No history. No understanding of what happened before. Stories about these children come out and are then forgotten. Decades pass. And then a little blonde girl appears on TV thirty years later and history repeats.


History repeats because the story, the children, don’t stay in your face. And you forget. I don’t blame you. Even I can forget and I live it.


But you know what really scares the hell out of me?


In 2043, will there be another child with severe mental illness on the holographic television that grabs hold of the consciousness of that generation, now in their infancy or early childhood?


Will I be 67 years old, looking sadly at the shock of society about something I have known about for thirty years, just as parents with adult mentally ill children who have been fighting for thirty years look now at Jani and Bodhi and me and Susan?


Will it still be the same?


Will it be “new,” “rare,” and “shocking” to the audience in 2043?


My God. No. It can’t be. I won’t accept that. I will ram these children down your throat over and over again until you help me change what is wrong with the system.


What scares me is that is probably what parents like me said in 1983.


I want to leave you with what Dr. Paul Casadonte said in 1983. What he said then is still true today. We need people to take a more active interest in the mental health system….


Yes, we do.


So we don’t forget again.





Saint Peter Won’t Call My Name

It feels like 2008 all over again.


2008 doesn’t have a specific name in our family, mostly because we don’t like to think about it. It could be the year of violence, the year of darkness, the year of confusion, the year of my apathy. If you have read January First, the seeds of what I do in the climax of the book, which occurs in June 2009, actually began in early 2008.


It was a bad year.


It was also the first full year of Bodhi’s life.


It was the sixth year of Jani’s life and the onset of the worst of her symptoms, or what we would later realize were her symptoms.


It was the year of Jani’s first and second hospitalizations, with the first and second coming four days apart.


2013 is the sixth full year of Bodhi’s life and has been the year of his first, second, third, fourth, and fifth hospitalizations, with three through five ranging in distance from a few hours to six days of each other.


What it feels like right now is the period of April through June of 2008. Jani had just come through two hospitalizations and was not significantly better. There was no agreement about her diagnosis. There were symptoms, but no real consensus on what was causing them.


Just like Bodhi today.


In April of 2008 Jani was released from Loma Linda Behavioral Health Center, her medication largely unchanged, and the direction to us to simply, in essence, “deal with it.”


How I “dealt” with it then was to give no quarter. Jani just needed a “firmer hand,” a father, not a friend (an assessment some readers of January First still appear to have). In other words, she was a “brat” then, as far as Loma Linda was concerned. So for the slightest infraction, I would drag her into her room for a “timeout” and lock the door.


The signs of what Jani actually had were on the wall. Literally. She wrote the names of her “imaginary friends” on the walls of her room. We moved out of that apartment in May 2009, moving into two separate apartments to keep both children with us, but I know those names are still on that wall. I was unable to scrub them off so I know they are still there, buried under subsequent layers of paint. Whoever sleeps in that room now has no idea that behind those walls are the rantings of psychosis.


Now, I am dragging (figuratively, because that is what it feels like) Bodhi into his room for time outs. Of course, this time there is no lock and Bodhi is not left alone. Susan or myself, and usually both of us, are in there with him.


We do it because he is throwing things. He cannot stop. He cannot control his own body. He will open the door to the balcony before I can cross the room to stop him, go out and throw one of his cars over the side onto the street below. Then he will cry that he threw it and want it back. I will bring him back in, while he is screaming that he wants his car back, and lock the door. Not that that stops him. And no, child safety locks don’t work. Let me tell you something about child safety locks. They only work for kids who aren’t sufficiently motivated and therefore don’t need them in the first place. Sheer strength and willpower will defeat any child safety lock.


But I digress.


I try to get outside to get his car before it is crushed by a real car. Sometimes, I get lucky. Tonight I didn’t. His toy van from the movie Cars looked like it had been squeezed between oncoming freight trains. I threw it away before he could see it. He would be devastated.


Jani did the same thing in 2008, destroying the things she loved and then being devastated when she succeeded.


The idea behind getting him into his room is to get him into a smaller space where we can attempt to control his body. Only in there, with fewer distractions, can we try get him out of the state that he has entered.


By the way, we have no idea what sets him off, just like we had no idea what set Jani off in 2008. It is like what Bodhi (or Jani in 2008) wants and what his body will do are two different things. Like there is, in those moments, someone else pulling the strings, driving the muscles.


Once it starts, there is no stopping it. Commands do nothing. Positive reinforcement. Nothing. We try to get him to count to one hundred.


“One, two, three, four…” Bodhi races through the numbers, slurring them, “five, six, seven, eight, nine, AAAHHHHHHHHHHH!” A primal scream and he throws his head back. Luckily, he is on his bed. Or primal scream and he tries to bite his hands. We keep holding him and continue to count through it. Bodhi rejoins the count. “Forty, forty-one, forty-two, forty-three, forty-four, AAAAAHHHHHH!” I am holding his wrists so he can’t get his hands to his mouth so he bites his shoulder. If we are lucky, he mostly gets the sleeves of his shirt. I gently pull the arm being bitten in one direction while gently pulling his other arm in the opposite direction, which forces his head away from his shoulders. Then he bites my hand. Hard.


Here is a lesson should you ever be bitten by anything. Don’t pull. I know your instinct will be to recoil but if you do that only increases the damage. Jaws are pretty strong. The best thing to do is to wait until whatever that is biting you lets go. This prevents tearing of the flesh.


Of course, this means you have to fight your instincts and take the pain.


Do I scream?


You bet.


Human teeth biting down at full pressure hurt like hell. Of course I scream.


However, once he has successfully bitten down on flesh, either his own or someone else, the biting seems to abate. It is like the compulsion has been relieved. The itch has been scratched.


The sad thing, though, is feeling physical pain from being bitten by Bodhi is the only time I feel fully alive.


Just like in 2008 when Jani used to hit or kick me.


The sharp sensation, the stinging wound after, reminds me that blood still rushes through my veins, that my heart still beats.


The only thing that comes close to that is during a Jani Foundation social event when I see mentally ill kids, many with the kind of weak diagnosis Bodhi has, playing together and having a blast. That’s more healthy, I know.


What makes this like 2008 is that the rest of the time, I feel numb. Dead inside. This is because my entire life is survival again. Get Bodhi through the day to the night and then do it all over again and all over again and all over again until he becomes so bad he has to go back to the hospital.


That is what I felt in 2008. Survive. Get Jani to the end of the day. A few hours down. Then do it all over again. And I believed it would be that way forever.


And when you think that is going to be your life for the foreseeable future, you start to die inside. You stop talking to people because you are too damn tired to explain everything you are going through. You stop sharing your feelings because you have no feelings to share. Life becomes all about functioning. What do you need to function, not just for you but for everybody you are responsible for? What does it take to get from one moment to next, hour to hour? That is as far as you can let yourself think ahead. You have to be safe to plan for the future. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Basic Needs stuff. The future has no meaning because you can only think about surviving.

The psychological toll of that is great. Dullness is my most common emotion. Dullness. The gray depression, not the black depression.


Eventually, you have no idea what would make you happy anymore.


Of course, this is my second time through this so I know more than I did last time. Last time I was in this place, I went looking outside my family for happiness. This time, I already know the grass isn’t any greener on the other side.


Not that I would want to go. I don’t have the energy to climb the fence anyway.


But that’s not really why I don’t want to go. I don’t want to go because as much as I hate this period, the period between the beginning of treatment and the final diagnosis, the period of uncertainty, of not allowing myself to fully believe that Bodhi is experiencing exactly what his older sister went through, there is a difference between 2008 and 2013.


Part of it is Bodhi still doesn’t really talk. His is not conversational so they can’t pin the “brat” tag on him like they did with Jani. This time, he has an older sibling with a severe mental illness. He’s had the early intervention of therapists and behaviorists that Jani never got because she never got an autism diagnosis. He has only ever been hospitalized at UCLA, with doctors and nurses who already knew him because they knew Jani and knew our family, unlike Jani who had to suffer through BHC Alhambra and Loma Linda.


He has an older sister who taught his parents a lot. She taught us how to fight for her, how to advocate for her. In 2008, I was acting against my better instincts, doing what others told me to do. Not this time. This time I am trusting my wife, who is the physical embodiment of my conscious. Or I am trying to.


Yes, Susan is my conscious.


Why do you think I portray her the way I do in the book? Why do you think I got so angry with her?


Don’t you ever get angry at the part of yourself that tells you the truth even though you don’t want to hear it?


Yes, Bodhi, and us, are on the same journey again. But at least this time we know the landmarks.


And what gets me out of the gray depression this time is that I know there will be a future.


Because I have already been there.


I already know what will happen. I already know this set of hospitalizations is just the beginning for Bodhi, that more will come. I already know that the doctors will beat around the bush on a diagnosis until a true crisis happens. Yes, that scares the shit out of me. But to cross that final threshold, there has to be a trigger, the end of the end, or at the beginning of the end so that the end can come. It is the starting of the process of hitting the rock bottom. From December 2007, when I was forced to accept that there was something wrong with Jani, to January 2009, when Jani ran out of her first grade classroom and tried to throw herself through doors and windows, we were falling, as a family, falling, with no bottom in sight. In January 2009, the bottom came into sight. It would take another three months to actually see the bottom and to get out it? That’s a whole other book.


So that is what I am waiting for now.


The bottom to come into sight. I have to have faith that the bottom will not kill Bodhi. I don’t think so because he is young and he got help even earlier and younger than Jani did. He started treatment earlier. He is already in special ed. He is already doing home hospital with the same teacher Jani had. He has supports now she would not get for years.


Of course, this may mean that it will take longer for Bodhi to hit the bottom.


But I still feel it is out there and will be until Bodhi is on the right medications. What is on right now is just slowing the fall, not stopping it.


But we did it once, we can do it again. We turned the tide once. I am not telling you this for your benefit. I’m saying it for me. Remember, I am not really talking to people right now. I have pulled back from my friends. I am withdrawn. This whole blog is my peptalk to me. I know that giving up is not an option. I brought these children into the world. Their happiness is ultimately my responsibility. But the apathy. That is what I have to fight against. The gray depression.


The bottom is coming. I don’t know when we will hit it but I know it is down there somewhere.


I look forward to hitting it.


Because then we can start coming up.


And life can begin again.


Post-script: The Jani Foundation still has a responsibility to provide free social events for the ED “emotionally disturbed” children of the Santa Clarita Valley. We have done three events so far and next Wednesday is our biggest event this year, our “Halloween Rocks!” costume/dance party with live DJ at the Sunset Pointe Room between the Residence and Fairfield Inns in Valencia. The Jani Foundation desperately needs your help to continue to offer these events. We are offering Jani Foundation “Socialization over Isolation” t-shirts for sale here on eBay. We have only a limited number made and will not be making more. Get yours today and the cost, minus postage, goes to pay for our social events. http://www.ebay.com/itm/121186195435?var=&ssPageName=STRK:MESELX:IT&_trksid=p3984.m1555.l2649

Also, the Holiday Season is coming up. Please consider the Jani Foundation for your Holiday Giving. Thank you.

embedded by Embedded Video

YouTube Direkt

Turn and Burn

An interesting letter came home in Jani’s backpack the other day, addressed to the parents of the SDC 5 Program (the Newhall School District’s code number for the special day classes that constitute the “ED” or “emotionally disturbed” K-6 student population in the Santa Clarita Valley, the same student population that the Jani Foundation provides free social events for). It was from two Marriage and Family Therapist Interns (MFTI), introducing themselves to the parents of the SDC 5, offering a non-specific “variety of complimentary speaking engagements and educational materials.” They say that although they spend many hours in private practice, they would also like to give back to the community through “our” local schools.



In reaching out to the Newhall School District office, we have been asked to focus our energy towards the SDC 5 Program at Old Orchard Elementary. We understand that your families (notice the shift from “our” public schools above to “your” families in this sentence) have a multitude of needs and we are very excited about the opportunity to help out in the best way we can. Our services focus on mental health and wellness for families with students in the SDC 5 Program, and are offered as an adjunct to existing mental health services within Old Orchard Elementary. Attached to this letter is a list of topics of interest. We are asking families to mark off 5-7 topics that would be of most interest to learn more about…


First, let me say I think these individuals’ hearts are in the right place. I am in no way disparaging their offer. ED students need all the attention they can get. Since they claim to specialized in “mental health and wellness” (I hate that term but will get to that later), I eagerly flipped the page to see what the topics would be. They are as follows:


  1. Behavior Management without punishment
  2. Relations (not sure what they mean by that)
  3. Anger
  4. Anxiety
  5. Fears
  6. Belonging-Rejection
  7. Balancing your needs as a parents vs your child’s needs
  8. Strengthening your Marriage
  9. Strengthening Boundaries

10. Siblings

11. Managing Stress

12. Procrastination

13. Divorce

14. Impulse Control

15. Loss and Grieving

16. Feelings of Unfairness

17. Low Self Esteem

18. Peer Pressure

19. Relationship with Parents

20. Bullying

21. Depression

22. Transitions

23. Self Downing (not sure what that means, either. Being down on yourself, maybe?)

24. Guilt

25. Performance and Competition

26. Feelings of Unfairness (again. I assume that was a mistake).


With all due respect to these future MFTs, this list of issues aren’t mental illness, with the exception of “impulse control” and “depression.”


That’s just life. Normal “sometimes things can be a little shitty” life. Things that happen to all of us.


Is that what MFTs are being trained that mental illness is? Emotional problems caused by the general environmental stress that comes from being human?


Maybe not. After all, they didn’t say “mental illness.” And I don’t blame them. Those words have stigma and not every family in SDC 5 has accepted that their child has a mental illness so if you are trying to reach them, maybe those words aren’t good ones to use. “Mental health and wellness” is more palatable if you are in denial. As I said before, though, I hate the term “mental health” and/or “mental health and wellness.” First of all, it makes mental illness sound like a Kaiser Permanente commercial: “We believe in fruits, vegetables, taking the stairs, and mental health and wellness. Be well and thrive.” But the main reason I hate the term is that it, perhaps inadvertently, minimizes mental illness. Instead of being the potentially life threatening and certainly life-destroying disease that it is, “mental health” makes it sound as harmless as being a few pounds overweight.


I realize that this is part of a larger turn in American medicine to “preventative medicine,” essentially trying to prevent later illness by encouraging healthy “habits” but they don’t say this crap about cancer. No, it’s “StandUp2Cancer” plastered behind the batters during the Major League playoffs. Cancer is apparently something that you fight while mental illness is about making healthy choices, having a salad for lunch instead of schizophrenia.


The upshot is that “mental health” ignores the worst cases of mental illness, the worst of the worst, those who have little to no ability to function so long as their mental illness is untreated.


But treatment, you see, is the crux of the issue. “Mental health” has been pushed by the “consumer movement” for twenty plus years now and has become the primary influence on public policy regarding mental illness. Community based, non-medical, options that do nothing for those most likely to take a bullet from a cop because, while in a psychotic state, the words, “Police! Stop the car!” mean nothing.


Do you “consumer movement,” encourage the mentally ill to resist medication and teach them to how to fight involuntary holds, get them out of the hospital and back on the street, making them think homelessness or jail is a viable “life choice” people think the politicians listen to you because you are right? Because your methods are actually good for those with mental illness? Because you really help people?


No. They don’t care whether your methods are sound or not (except for the NIMH-they are starting to push back).


They listen to you because your methods fit are an inexpensive “fix.” Your agenda fits quite nicely into their need to save taxpayer money.


Same with the insurance companies. They would rather pay for ABA over inpatient treatment because the ABA is going to be done by someone making nine bucks an hour over a full medical staff that costs about three grand a day, and that is just for room and board.


It’s all about the money in America. This is why I find the fears of the functionally mentally ill that they will be locked up due to hysteria over mental illness and violence somewhat funny. Who is going to pay to lock you up? Seriously. It would cost a fortune to keep you strapped down and doped up on Thorazine. It’s much, much, much cheaper just to send you to prison when your lack of impulse control because you are off your meds causes you to commit a crime.  We don’t lock up the mentally ill in America until they commit a crime. Prisons are the new American psychiatric institutions.


That, and schools.


I can’t speak for the rest of the world but America has made so many cuts since the early 1970s that there is no chronic mental health system left here now. Most states, like California, have no state psychiatric hospitals left. The few states that do are badly underfunded and facing the budgetary axe.


Because mental illness is the most expensive chronic illness that exists. With every other illness, either you will get better or you will die. Either way, the insurance companies and Medicaid get off the hook. But not with mental illness. They know they will paying for treatment for the rest of your life, which, with the proper treatment can be a long and happy one. Except that long and happy lives for the mentally ill are massively expensive to maintain, largely because they require fairly frequent inpatient hospitalizations.


So the solution is to limit the number of inpatient beds and, should you be lucky enough to get your child in, limit the time as much as possible. I call this “turn and burn” psychiatry, after the business model of low-fare airlines like Southwest, for whom the key to profitability is to keep the planes in the air as much as possible. Hence, when a Southwest flight arrives, the ground crew “turn and burn” to get it unloaded and reloaded and out again in less than 20 minutes, allowing every Southwest aircraft to fly 12-15 legs per day. The phrase itself has two origins: one coming from the restaurant industry,  referencing the need to get a large table of people who aren’t spending any money out; and from military fighter pilots, who after expending all their ordinance, “turn” for home and “burn,” lighting the afterburner. Both are appropriate to the treatment of severe mental illness in inpatient hospitals, except they call it “stabilization.” Take the patient only if the patient meets strict criteria for admission (is an immediate threat to themselves or others and even then only if a bed is available), start a medication regimen, and at the first sign of reduction of acute symptoms, release back into outpatient care before insurance or Medicaid pulls the plug on authorizing payment for further inpatient days.


It would be like getting someone who is having a heart attack, getting them out of immediate cardiac arrest, and sending them back out the door to monitored in the community by organizations and individuals who don’t have an EKG machine and wouldn’t know an irregular heartbeat from a hole in the ground.


That is how the mentally ill are treated in America, if they are treated at all.


The first social worker we ever had at UCLA, who is now retired, told us that in 1980 the average inpatient stay at UCLA was one year.




Now the average is 3-5 days, with UCLA being toward the high end of that average.


The “decision” to put either Jani or Bodhi inpatient is never easy, even when Bodhi is hurting himself. Hell, he drove his head into the wall so powerfully once that Susan called 911. They came, took one look at Bodhi, who was still conscious, and then left. The point is that as a parent of a severely mentally ill child, you stall and stall and stall before heading out to the ER while you rush to the doctor at the first sign of a fever. You seek medical attention immediately for the normal aches, pains, and snivels of childhood yet have an internal battle with yourself when your child is trying to bite his own fingers off or, in the case of another girl I know with child onset schizophrenia, attempting to gouge her eye out with a pencil.


Let me explain. It’s not that you are stupid. Quite the opposite. You know how the “system” works and that is why you are stalling. First, you know you are headed for the ER, assuming you actually live in an area that has an ER and a psych ward in the same building like UCLA. And it ain’t like they will rush your child up to the unit. No. You are looking at 12 hours in a tiny room, if you are lucky. If you are not, it will be the hallway or even longer (I’ve known parents who rolled over a full 24 hour period in an ER). And it will just be you trying to keep your child safe in a place with hard floors and walls. It’s not like the nurses or the security guards are going to help you. It is just going to be you, trying to save your child’s life, for hours and hours and hours. And this is before you even get a psych consult. Sometimes, in good hospitals like UCLA, the ER doctor comes in and gives your child whatever cursory examination your child will allow. Your child is physically fine. They never seem to make a big deal out of the bruises and scratches on them. But, I suppose, internally they are fine. Heart and respiration is normal. Nothing to get excited about. And then the ER doc leaves and usually never returns (to their credit, at UCLA, whenever there is a shift change the new ER doctor always checks in).


While you are trying to keep your child from killing themselves, you are also wondering, in the back of your mind, whether your child will even get admitted. Psychosis goes in and out like the tide and your child might just happen to be calm right around the time the on call psychiatrist shows up. Not to mention you are so exhausted by this time you are barely articulate. Honestly, by that point you just want it to end. Either admit my child or let us go home. Even if your child is still in the grip of psychosis, will there be a bed available?


In America, there is a massive shortage of inpatient psychiatric beds. It is bad for adults and even worse for children as many psych units won’t accept anybody under the age of 12. If the child needs to be hospitalized, the psych doctor is supposed to order a hold until a bed opens up but this often doesn’t happen. In fact, there are even organizations pushing states to do away with the mandatory ER psych hold, even though this hold can be the last thing between a person in a psychotic state and something very, very bad happening.


And then there is this: even though your child is banging his head and biting himself, do you really want to put him or her through 12 plus hours in a tiny room in an ER? Especially knowing that he or she might not get admitted? Especially knowing that even if he or she is admitted, he or she will be released back home even though they still have no ability to function in the real world (because they tend to do better in an inpatient setting where there is medical staff that rotate in and out every 8-12 hours?) The hospital, even the best ones like UCLA, do not and cannot match the stressors of the real world. So your son or daughter does a little bit better and before you can even analyze if the medication might be working you get the call that your child is being released that afternoon.


If your child was having what paramedics call a “major medical issue” (ie, heart problems, appendix, whatever), you would never delay. You would never have to decide whether or not to try and get your child inpatient. You would just do it. Yet even though you know your child is in crisis and needs inpatient, you will go back and forth with yourself, trying to decide if you really need to take them this time or whether you think you can tough it out and get them trough it.


Is it really necessary? This is the question you will ask yourself over and over again when you have a mentally ill child. And you always know the answer. You wouldn’t be asking if you didn’t. You are asking because you know what the system will put you and your child through. And it they will probably come out no better than they went in, no more functional, no more safe.


The MFTis talk about a “multitude of needs,” but there is really only one. Can you help me when my child is psychotic and harming themselves or others? Can you help me get them inpatient?


I’m sorry, no.


That’s not on the list.

The Blind Thousand Yard Stare (Lost)

I suppose I have to write an update on Bodhi. I have to because I am going to appear at the Jani Foundation Bowl-a-Thon fundraiser on Saturday and Bodhi won’t be there. And everyone who read my last blog “Screenwriter’s Blues” is going ask how he is doing. And I really don’t want to talk about it. I hate verbal conversations because they are either too short or too long. Either I give the short answer: “He is not doing well. He’s back in the hospital,” which will be followed either by “I’m so sorry,” or “What happened?” or both, and I will respond that he is still hurting himself. The person will wait for me to continue but I will say nothing more. Then they will tell me that they are praying he gets better soon, or that they believe he will get better, or we got Jani through this and we will get Bodhi through it too.


I let Susan handle the long version because she is better at talking. Susan will tell you everything that has happened in our lives in the past month. She will speculate to what Bodhi needs. That’s fine. That is her way of dealing with it.


The truth is I just don’t have the words. My friends keep telling me that I have been through this before. Like I said, they tell me that we got Jani through “this” and we will get Bodhi through it too. Even I tell myself that this should be easier because it is our second time “down the rabbit hole.” Alice knew what to expect the second time around.


But it doesn’t feel the same at all. It feels worse. Logically, I know it shouldn’t. Although distant, I can still remember feeling like I was losing Jani. Not in the beginning. In the beginning her conflict seemed more with society and I remember thinking if I could only remove her from society, she would get by. Bodhi’s conflict is not with society but completely internal. But, yes, I still remember visiting Jani inside UCLA in the spring of 2009 and seeing her lying on the floor, staring up at the lights. Then I felt like I was losing her. So if I have felt this before, been here before, why does it feel like I don’t know what I am doing again? Why do I feel as lost with Bodhi now as I did with Jani? Why does it feel different?


I honestly don’t know. I think seeing Bodhi, who because of his underdeveloped language skills, seems younger than he is, seeing him hurt himself, bite his hands, and when you take away his hands, he bites his arms, and when you take away his arms he bends forward and bites his thighs and legs. I think seeing that level of self-destruction is the worse thing I have ever seen. Maybe because Jani could articulate why she was hurting herself when she did, even if it didn’t make sense. Maybe it is because Jani is older now, not the little girl she was then. I find myself feeling like she was always older, always a little more in control, always a little bit able to make a choice. All that is bullshit, of course. I wrote a book stating the exact opposite. Maybe it is that Jani can make choices now because her psychosis is currently under control.  A dark secret that I hate about myself is that I resent her. I resent her health, her singing along to the radio when I am in the darkness, her planning dinner. Fucked up, I know. I now resent the fact that she can go on with her life while Bodhi is stuck. When Jani was acutely ill, I refused to move on with my life. I resisted the activities of daily living. I resisted any attempt to “live normally” while she was gone.  Along with Susan, I spent six years trying to bring her back and now I resent that she is able to move on with her life, just like I resented everyone else around me back then. Really messed up. I find myself in certain moments being shorter with her than I need to be, bordering on being mean. I am taking out my pain on her. I risk her stability by talking about drama in front of her that I should not.


God, I am fucked up. What the fuck is wrong with me? Take out my pain over the suffering of one child on the other child who has her own tremendous struggles and has accomplished so much. I was so wrong about Jani. She has accomplished so much more than I ever, in that spring of 2009, thought she would reach. Her efforts are heroic.


I have to stop. She has fought too hard to get her life back. She deserves it. I should not try to hold her back with me in my misery.


I am making it sound like she doesn’t care about Bodhi, which is not true. She is a wonderful big sister to him. Another thing I was wrong about. I figured his fate was to take care of her after we were gone. Now it could be the other way around. Logic tells me he will return and they will take care of each other, fulfilling what I had always hoped when I agreed to have a second child.


But I guess that is it. Logic. I don’t trust logic. I got lucky the first time around. The universe gave Jani back. What if it doesn’t happen again? What if I am not as lucky the second time around? What are the odds that the dice will fall the same way on the table again?


You would think that after Jani’s recovery, I would have faith. Jani defied the worst odds imaginable. But I actually have less. Maybe the real reason I get angry at all the Bible thumpers who write to me telling me to rely on our Lord and Savior is because I don’t entirely trust Him not to be an Asshole. No, it’s not that. It’s just that life is a numbers game. Chaos theory and all that crap.  It’s not that I think God is deliberately going to screw me this time. It is just that God is a craps stickman and he doesn’t control how the dice fall. The game isn’t fixed. It’s all mathematics and probability.


That has always been my struggle with faith. God isn’t calling the shots. He just tells you what the point is and it is up to you to try and hit it.


Faith is just wishful thinking. The dice are in your hands.


And that is the problem. I don’t trust my own rolls and I can’t pass the dice to the next player. I have to shoot. And I don’t know what I am doing. You would think after going through this with Jani, I would have some knowledge, I would feel more confident. And I feel like people expect that of me. They expect that I know what I am doing.

But I don’t. I don’t know what medications might help Bodhi. I feel like I am grasping in the dark because I don’t know what Bodhi has, other than autism. I can’t call it schizophrenia because I am not certain of that. I can’t call it bipolar because I am not certain of that. I don’t know if he is experiencing hallucinations. I don’t know if he hears voices. All I know is he is nervous and afraid so much.


With Jani, I fought. I fought the whole fucking world. I was ready to take on anyone to get her what I felt, what I knew, she needed. And I turned out to be right, most of the time.


I don’t feel that confidence this time. I don’t feel prepared to fight because I don’t know what I am supposed to fight for. I feel lost.


I just want him to stop hurting himself. I just want him to not be afraid all the time. But I don’t know what he needs to get there.


I don’t feel like I have been here before. Maybe last time, with Jani, my anger was my shield to avoid feeling pain.


This time I can’t muster any anger.


There is only the ripping of my heart out every time I see him in the hospital.


There is only the pain.


Copyright Angie Lussier 2013

Note about the photo: I wasn’t aware Angie was taking this picture. This was taken on September 21st, 2013, five days after Bodhi was released from UCLA and three days before he went back. It was a brief moment of peace for him.

Screenwriter’s Blues (Listening to Los Angeles)

If you are a long time reader of this blog, you have probably noticed I rarely write blogs about my own family anymore. My reasons for that are complicated. The easiest explanation is that this is no longer “Jani’s Journey” (the old website). This is the Jani Foundation, a public charity that primarily provides free social events to “emotionally disturbed” public school children and their families in the Santa Clarita Valley, north of Los Angeles. By definition, a public charity belongs to the public which it serves, so talking about Jani doesn’t seem right when she is only one of about 35 kids we currently serve (budget and manpower limitations). Also, for Susan and I, it was always the same goal: to bring attention to the plight of severely mentally ill children. We hoped that interest in Jani would bring people to that cause. All the media we have done as been as a means to that purpose, never about our own situation, which is why I tend to roll my eyes at emails from people hearing “our” story for the first time and suggesting some “miracle cure.” However well-intentioned they may be, WE are not looking for help for ourselves. We haven’t been for a long time. So I stopped writing about Jani in an effort to separate our story from the larger issue of childhood severe mental illness.


Of course, the downside to that is that it leads some people to operate on information years old now and make claims that Jani is not doing any better. Jani has, for lack of a better word, “recovered.” I hate that word because it implies that her schizophrenia is gone. It is not. But it is no longer the defining force in Jani’s life. The defining force in Jani’s life now is impending adolescence. That… or Lorde, the 16 year old New Zealand singer. Or Blink-182. Take your pick. Jani goes to school for pretty much the entire day now (we convinced her to stay longer because the other kids in her ED class were getting upset that she was leaving early). Considering that she spent three years in “home/hospital” where she would go to school only after other kids had left and work one on one with a teacher, this is mind-boggling. She has friends in our apartment complex. She prefers them to her hallucination friends now. She begs me to go to the pool when she sees other kids down there.


I got to be honest. I can almost forget that she has schizophrenia. The events of January First seem so far removed now that it is almost like it was another life, just like that time period seemed another life removed from the one before that. She is not who she was before the acute period of heavy psychosis. People ask me sometimes if she can still “do” the intellectual things she did in her early childhood. I don’t know. I know she is smart enough to get by but I am not quizzing her like I did back in the old days. That Michael, who had hopes of Ivy League and the Nobel Prize for his daughter, is gone. Dead. Replaced by this current Michael who is just thrilled to have Jani be alive and happy and getting more and more functional everyday.


Her improvement is attributed to finding the right combination of medications, the efforts we made to reduce her stress level, time and getting older, and Jani’s indefatigable spirit.


But if I wrote all that, you would think the story is over and the story is never over. Jani still has to live the rest of her live with this disease, and we must ensure the survival and happiness of all kids like her, which is what the Jani Foundation attempts to do.


But that isn’t the only reason I don’t write that much about our family anymore. Part of is the simple fact that I don’t necessarily want you, the general public, to know everything anymore. I wasn’t quite sure why that was.


Until last night.


I have fresh scars. Fresh wounds. For the first time in years. Not from Jani, though. The scratches and bruises that I got from Jani when she was acutely sick have long since healed. And the psychological scars? That is what you read in January First and reason why some readers don’t like me very much. What you read in the book is me ripping apart at the seams as my daughter slipped into something I couldn’t defeat and lashing out at everyone around me. I bared my soul in that book.


Since I wrote the blog “Bodhi Went (Bury the Lie),” Bodhi has returned to the hospital two more times. I just didn’t tell you about it. Our closest friends knew (which is why I am very careful about who I add to my private Facebook page-don’t go looking for it. You won’t find it and even if you do, I won’t add you if I don’t know you personally). But I didn’t want to tell the world.


It’s not because of the tiny peanut gallery that stalks my every word on the internet and would claim, as they do, that we are trying to extend our “fifteen minutes” with yet another mentally ill child. I could give a rat’s ass about that. They can’t have it both ways anyway. Either Jani’s illness was caused by our parenting and if that is the case she shouldn’t be better and we wouldn’t “need” Bodhi to be sick or we’re not any different from other parents and Jani is better and they have to admit that we are a contributing factor. That sentence doesn’t make any sense. Neither do they. It’s my attempt to rationalize with people who need psychiatric help. Anyway, screw them. It’s not about them and I don’t care what they think. One of these days they will realize that nothing they do affects my life and the life of my family.


That was a waste of a paragraph.


The point is I am not claiming Bodhi has schizophrenia. I don’t know what the fuck he has because he lacks Jani’s verbal abilities. He probably is autistic. I don’t really care. Diagnosis doesn’t mean anything in modern child psychiatry. It’s the symptoms. You try to treat the symptoms.


And Bodhi’s symptoms are not like Jani’s. He doesn’t fly into rages. He throws himself around like somebody is jamming his body with a cattle prod. He is violent, but not like Jani. He is violent like he is literally on fire. The struggle is always to protect his head from the floor and the walls. He gets bruises everyday, self-inflicted. HE, and not Jani, is the reason why the downstairs neighbors complain about the noise in our apartment. He screams like he is on fire. But the fire is in his head. Only sleep, and sometimes, if he can let us, holding him bring him relief. From the moment he wakes up until the moment he finally falls asleep, he is doing constant battle with something inside his head. His ABA behaviorists can’t even work with him anymore. All they can do is try to keep him safe. It doesn’t change at school. Discussions have begun about transferring him from autism special day class to ED, “emotionally disturbed,” the same program Jani is in, only because the staff there is better trained in restraining a child for their own safety.


Three times this year Bodhi has gone to the hospital, always for the same issue: self-harm.


And he is getting worse.


He went back a week ago. Yesterday, Thursday, he was released. He was released so he could go to UCLA’s Autism Research Clinic. He was released at 12:45pm. The appointment at the clinic was at 1pm. Distance from the hospital to the clinic: less than 1000 yards.


We arrived at the UCLA Ronald Reagan Medical Center at 12:45. Susan went to pick up Bodhi from inpatient while Jani and I went to the Clinic to sign in for the appointment.


At 1:05, I see Susan and Bodhi coming in through the sliding doors, Susan holding Bodhi’s hand and the inpatient social worker holding his bags of belongings. She wishes us well and leaves. Bodhi seems fine, although he does want to go home. We tell him we will go home as soon as our appointment is done at the clinic, which the inpatient doctors wanted.


1:06pm: I lead Bodhi inside the clinic waiting room, which is very nice, filled with toys and books. The doctor is not yet ready.


1:07pm: Bodhi throws himself on the floor, screaming. I go down with him, cupping my hand under the back of his head to protect it.


At that point, the chronology gets a bit fuzzy. Bodhi is going into what I think is another of his usual fits. As soon as the doctor comes, he will calm down. I think he can be distracted. I try to show him the toys. I pick him up.


He tries to torpedo out of my arms, like a back flip into a pool like they have in Olympic Diving. I have him. I hear Susan tell me that they (the inpatient staff) had had to give him a PRN of Thorazine that morning.


I pull Bodhi’s head back up and scream in pain as he sinks his teeth into my left shoulder. I can’t see it but I know it’s bad. He’s bitten me before in these states but not like this. This feels deep. Susan gently pulls his head back. We go to the floor.

Bodhi is thrashing around in my arms and I am trying to keep his head safe from him hitting it on the floor. I do this by holding him to me but that exposes me again to his bites. I cry out again as this time he bites into my left arm. I know it’s not malicious. I know it is like someone biting down something as a reflex. But it still hurts.


The receptionist tells me that the doctor is coming. A few minutes earlier, I was nice and polite, but now, for the first time in years, since the events of January First, I revert to that asshole you read in the book who you didn’t like.


“By the time the doctor gets here, he’ll be fucking dead!” I cry out over Bodhi’s screaming, to no one in particular. Do I need to explain why I become an asshole in those moments? My child is in a state where he is unable to stop hurting himself and the only thing between him and him getting seriously hurt is me and I am losing control. I am not enough. I am rendered powerless against whatever is going on with Bodhi, just like I was with Jani, so I lash out. What I really want is to beg for help but I have become so used to people just sitting there watching that I am unable to cry out that I need help to anyone but Susan anymore because I know she will take action.


The doctor comes. We know him. He treated Jani long ago. He is a good guy. He tries to calm Bodhi to no avail. I am yelling that Bodhi needs to go back to the unit (inpatient), that he never should have been released. The doctor agrees. They can’t see him in this state. He pages the head of child psychiatry.


Susan screams in horror. I look down at Bodhi in arms, realizing that he has stopped thrashing around. He is biting down on his own fingers. Hard. Really hard. His teeth are clenched and his jaw is quivering. I can see the skin around his hands turning red, then purple.


We get his hands free from his mouth. He has deep purple indentations on his fingers. He has bitten to the bone. Susan screams again that he is bleeding. From his fingers? No, his mouth. He appears to have bitten his own lip. And his gums are bleeding from the friction against his own fingers.


From then on, I am only vaguely aware of what is happening around me as I try to keep Bodhi’s hands from his mouth by holding them (which means my hands are repeatedly bitten) and trying to protect his head. Another doctor joins in. And another. Gradually every doctor in the clinic is there, all trying to protect Bodhi from himself or calling for help. UCLA Health Security arrive. One takes over holding Bodhi’s legs while the other calls for an ambulance.


The original doctor writes a 5150 hold for Bodhi to get him back onto the inpatient unit, although we will have to go through the ER. But we can’t get him to the ER. The ER is a 1000 yard walk over concrete. We will never make it without risking Bodhi catapulting his head into that concrete.

One of the doctors calls 911.


The clinic is closed and all patients are told to wait outside.


UCLA Police arrive and just look in at me, Susan, the doctors, and Security struggling with Bodhi. I hear that paramedics won’t come because “it isn’t a medical emergency.” I scream that it is a medical emergency. I can feel Bodhi’s heart racing. His breathing is fast and shallow. I tell them that if EMTs don’t come soon, it will be a medical emergency.


UCLA has their own EMTs but they take forever.


At some point, Bodhi begins to wind down. Maybe that thorazine he had hours earlier is working. He says he wants to go to the bathroom. I take him. Security comes with me. He says he has to make a poopy. I help him onto to the toilet. He sits for a few minutes. I start to relax. Then he throws his head back, his head missing the flush bar of the toilet by a hair. Literally. It brushed his head. Had he hit it, he would have had a serious head injury.


We get him back into the clinic. He is ramping up again. I have been bitten in several places but I have no time to think about it. Just dull pain. He is back to trying to bite his fingers. He may not be trying to actually bite them off but he is biting with such force.


Another doctor brings out a heavy blanket just as the EMTs finally arrive. We wrap him up, him still on top of me, to pin his arms. I go onto the gurney and they strap me down with Bodhi on top of me.


He is calming down.


We get outside and there are thee ambulances, one UCLA EMT and two LA City Fire. Now they are treating this like a medical emergency and it only took one hour and forty minutes.


I know because I ask the EMT what time it is.


If Bodhi had been having a medical emergency, they would have been there for him in three minutes. But because this was a psych emergency, it took more than 90.


The autism doctor has to come with us because he signed the 5150 hold.


It is a five minute drive back to the ER.


I send Susan and Jani home. We could be in the ER for hours and Jani can’t do that. I tell Susan I will get a cab home.

Bodhi falls asleep. I check my wounds. They are bad. The nurses want me to check in but I won’t because I would have to leave Bodhi. Bodhi wakes up again late afternoon. He is given thorazine as a preventative measure. It doesn’t work. He eats a little then becomes agitated again. He hits his head on the side of the gurney. I am alone. I call for nurses. Eventually it takes four of us while another calls to see why it is taking so long to get him upstairs to the unit.


They can’t transport him. Bodhi is so bad he can not be safely transported upstairs.


I have been at this for hours. I need a break but I need to know Bodhi will be safe. The nurses offer to put him in restraints. I refuse. I would rather hold him.


Two hours after the thorazine, it finally begins to kick in and he calms down enough for transport to the Unit.


He has urinated on himself and needs a bath but I am a little leery about doing that, given what happened the last time I bathed one of my children in a hospital (read the book). He is calming down. I get his bed down on the floor. I am reluctant to leave him to do the admission paperwork with the nurse, but I am spent. I have no choice anymore. I can’t keep him safe and I am physically and emotionally drained.


The only thing I remember about the admission was when the nurse asked me what my goal was “for this admission.”


“For him to not bite off his fingers,” was my answer.




It is after 9pm when I get back outside the hospital. Dark. I have no way home. I call Susan. She offers to come get me with Jani but I don’t want to disturb Jani’s routine. She is going to bed. She tells me she has emailed the producers of the “Born Schizophrenic” series because they emailed earlier in the day, interested in discussing another special for next year’s “Psych Week” on Discovery Health. She told them what happened and said they should come down. I call them, hoping one of them can give me a ride home.


No answer.


Which is why “fame” means shit to me.


I call my best friend, John, hoping he is not already asleep. He works with me at CSUN. We were TAs together. I hate to drag him out knowing that he taught a full load of courses today but I have no other choice. He doesn’t answer the first time but he has told me that if he doesn’t answer and it is an emergency to keep calling. I call again. He answers. I ask him to come get me. He does so without hesitation, even though it is a hell of a drive for him.

This is not the first time he has come to get me. He came when Jani went to Loma Linda over five years ago. He came the first night Jani ever went into UCLA. I had to leave him out of the book because I was up against a hard word count from Random House and I didn’t have the time to introduce him as a “character” but he was there. On page 290 of the paperback I write “Thank you from the bottom of my heart to my friend John Gides. John came the night Jani went into UCLA and I would not have made it without him.” That’s one of the greatest understatements I have ever made.


Thursday night was the third time John came and the third time his presence saved me from breaking to pieces in a Los Angeles night.


If you have never been to Los Angeles or have never bothered to look up while you were here, you don’t know what the sky looks like here at night. There are no stars. The marine layer rolls in off the cold Pacific and the sodium lights of the City reflect of the sky, giving it this sickly orange color.  It reminds me of death.  I suppose that is why in that sky I see the desperation that is people of Los Angeles. All the people who came here because of a dream and watched that dream die. It’s all there in the night in this City, the desperation and loneliness of millions of people, sending their hopes and dreams and pain up into the night and it reflecting off the marine layer and back down amongst the freeways and the neighborhoods of Los Angeles.


You do not want to be alone under that sky. Being alone under that sky will eventually kill you.  The homeless here, and there are thousands, do not have to deal with cold weather, but they do have to live out there under that dead sky.


John saves me by not asking me to talk about what everybody wants me to talk about. We talk about the insignificant stuff. We complain about annoying students we’ve had and what it would be like to teach at a small liberal arts school instead of a giant state university, what I refer to as our Wonder Boys fantasy (read Michael Chabon). For lecturers, Wonder Boys is our fantasy of what we thought being college instructors would be like (Ivy walls, comfy offices, faculty lounges, students who actually know your name and you know theirs).


But it was on the ride home on the 405, looking out the window at the Valley streaking past us and that damn Los Angeles night sky, that I realized why I hadn’t told you about Bodhi’s hospitalizations after the first one and why I still don’t want to tell you and why you shouldn’t expect this blog to turn into updates on Bodhi.


Because this is my pain. My fucking pain. It’s mine.


No Good Next to Diamonds

I guess the problem is we are all locked inside our own heads, isn’t it?


That is the reaction I get when I read reader reviews of January First. I don’t read them for validation that I am a great writer. I already know I’m not. So it’s not an ego thing. I don’t read them for sympathy either, because that doesn’t really do anything for anybody.


The only thing that bothers me personally is the very, very few who actually believe that I did sexually molest Jani. Actually, “bother” would be an understatement. That is the only thing left that anyone can say about me personally that will cut me to my core and rip me open all over again. And it’s not something that I will ever get over. It’s five years in the past but it is and always will be an open wound. That is a weapon my critics will always be able to use.


Statements, while also rare, that Jani and Bodhi should have been taken away from me sting, even though I know it won’t happen. One thing I feel like I failed to convey in the book is what that feels like to know your children could be taken away from you. Sure, I knew that DCFS (CPS) existed but before Jani got sick I thought they always saved kids from abusive parents. I thought they were like Superman and Indiana Jones and Han Solo wrapped into a government agent. I’ve been lucky. The DCFS agents who have been involved in our lives have always been cordial. Never once have I personally felt threatened or bullied by them. No, the fear comes from knowing that even people who don’t know you personally, who have never met you or your children, can drop a dime on you and call DCFS. Out of four DCFS investigations, none was triggered by someone who knew us personally and only one had ever actually met Jani (they don’t reveal the name of who “called on you” but they will say whether the report was generated from a “direct observation”). So the idea that people who have never met you have the power to call an agency that in turn has the power, and quite an easy power at that, to take your children away. Knowing that strangers have that kind of power is frightening. So frightening, in fact, that if I was doing this for any other reason than helping other mentally ill children and their parents get help, I would get the hell off the internet and you would never hear from me again. I don’t give a shit about “fame” and the money I have made is less than two years working full time teaching English composition.


And I liked my job. I liked my life before I lost it.


That is real “stigma,” by the way, not fear of not getting a job or getting into college. I don’t know if NAMI and President Obama realize that. Even that kind of fear is not what stops families of severely mentally ill children coming forward because, quite honestly, you are trying to save the life of your child. You never think about that stuff until it happens and even then, as I wrote in January First, it is secondary to getting the help your child needs.


I read statements like “After reading this, I can’t believe this man’s wife hasn’t divorced him!” That by the way, is a direct quote from a review. Here is the full review:


After reading this, I can’t believe this man’s wife hasn’t divorced him. He comes across as a huge jerk with a “special snowflake” child, and the very small portion toward the end of the book where he kind of sort of tries to apologize and/or justify his behavior isn’t enough to make him even remotely likable.


I read this wanting – and expecting – to have sympathy for him and his family. I ended up feeling quite the opposite.



This review makes me feel like I completely failed. I was such a “huge jerk” to this reader that Jani was rendered totally irrelevant. My behavior in the book was so much for her that the main character, Jani, became the background and the narrator, me, a secondary character, became the main focus.


I guess I make a hell of a villain. Fiction writers would kill to be able to write a character that produces that strong of an emotional reaction.


But it’s the first line that gets me: “After reading this, I can’t believe this man’s wife hasn’t divorced him.” When I first read it, I showed it to Susan.


“This woman must not have kids,” was her largely disinterested response, before walking away.


Not a ringing endorsement of me as a husband and father, perhaps, but that’s not the point.


The point is this: For all I know, people walk past each other everyday thinking this. I sincerely hope not. I sincerely hope how this reader’s statement is not how most people think.


Because if it is, our civilization is screwed.


People are always commenting to me and Susan, “I don’t know how you did it!” while shaking their heads in amazement. Our answer is always the same: “We did it because we had to. Jani was our child.” I go a step further and say, “You’d do the same thing.”


But now I am not so sure.


Because what does that reader’s statement really say, beyond the fact that I am apparently so much of an asshole Susan should have divorced me and broken up Jani and Bodhi’s family?


That when faced with someone you don’t like, that pisses you off, that drives you up the wall…


…you should quit.


Give up. Throw in the towel. Run in the other direction.


Yes, I have been an asshole and I have been an asshole to Susan more than anyone else on Earth. Susan has even called me an asshole on more than one occasion.


But Susan is not a quitter. Susan doesn’t give up. Susan doesn’t put herself, or me, before the children and most of the time, if I take my meds, neither do I.


Should Susan have divorced me? Possibly. I’ve given her reasons I didn’t even get a chance to put in the book for length reasons and because the focus was supposed to be on Jani. What’s funny about that reader’s statement is that I have been an even bigger jerk than she could possibly know just from reading the book. Could Susan have raised Jani and Bodhi without me? I’ll leave that for her to answer.


I am actually less of a jerk to her now, though.


I always knew Susan was unique. After all, she agreed to marry me. Most women wouldn’t put up with me. But it wasn’t until we went through this with Jani, and now with Bodhi, that I understood how unique she is. There is no replacing her. Susan is like a 1971 Dodge Challenger: they just don’t make them like that anymore.


It seems the more recent models may be too ready to quit when the going gets tough.


In all my blogs, in the book, I never got angry at anyone (other than Susan, unfairly) for failing Jani. I’ve failed Jani at times. I’ve certainly failed Bodhi as many point out.


The only thing that made me angry was if I thought you were quitting.


You can fail. We all fail. But you can’t quit.


You see, I don’t care if you hate me because I don’t need your help, at least not personally. Five years ago? I absolutely needed it. Jani doesn’t need it. I am reasonably confident now that she has enough people in her life who will look out for her after Susan and I are gone. I found this out when expressing my fear to the executive director of Carousel Ranch, where Jani gets her equine therapy, that her scholarship is running out and I don’t know if I will be able to pay next year.


“Oh, don’t worry,” she told me. “It’s easy to get a scholarship for Jani. Everybody knows who she is.”




This came as a shock to me because I didn’t think about it. That was never what the TV appearances and the book were about for me. I never did it for Jani or for us.


I did it for those who are following. I did it for the severely mentally ill kids out there, that you think are just “brats” or a “bad kid” and their parents, who you think are “terrible parents.” I did it to alter your perception of them because they still need your help. They don’t have the benefit of the LA Times, or Oprah Winfrey, or a New York Times Bestselling book. They are not on your TV screen or on your Kindle Fire or on the pages in your lap. They are next door, down the street, in your kids’ schools. They are all around you.


So if being inside my head screwed up your chance of recognizing and sympathizing and, most importantly, HELPING them, then I apologize. I failed and everything I did was for nothing. All I did was set up Jani and Bodhi for life. I did nothing for kids in your personal world.


Unfortunately for those children, those who hated the book because they hated me most likely will never read this blog. I had one shot to change hearts and minds and I guess I blew it.


Oh, well. Don’t worry.


Susan and I won’t quit.


Walking on the Moon (Books for Better Living)

Books For Better Living asked me to write a short piece for Father’s Day. The day itself is nothing special (not exactly a day off for me) so I went back to what are two greatest highs I have ever felt. This piece is about acknowledging that high and realizing, sadly, that once it is gone it never comes again. Thanks to Susan and Sting for the title.



Stubborn Love (Humanity)

I am struggling right now. I still have my own personal problems and the problems of my family, but that is not what I am struggling with, although they do have some relation. No, I am struggling with being an advocate for mentally ill children of American parents. And I am struggling with being an American.


I wasn’t born an American. I was born on Wednesday, January 14th, 1976, in Sydney, Australia, to two Australian parents. When my father first moved us to the United States in 1981, I received my “green card,” along with my parents, allowing me to reside permanently in the United States.


Ironically, the first US city I ever lived in was Boston, specifically the suburb of Sherbourne. I went to kindergarten and first grade there.


In 1983, we moved back to Sydney for two years before returning to the United States, this time to Tulsa, Oklahoma (one of three US cities I claim as my “hometown,” the others being Minneapolis, where I graduated from high school, and Los Angeles, where I have lived since 1995, where I met Susan, where my children were born). My green card remained active and I remained an Australian citizen.


In 1998, at the behest of my future wife, Susan, I began the process of becoming a US citizen, as did my father. America was my home. I’d spent more of my life here than in Australia. I could not foresee ever returning to Australia to live.


In 1999, I became a naturalized US citizen. At the time, Australia did not allow dual citizenship with the United States, so I revoked my Australian citizenship, becoming a full American.


And I am an American. I have lived here for thirty of my thirty-seven years. I have an American accent. I have an American wife. My children are American. I am an American. I swore allegiance to the Constitution of the United States of America. And I did so happily because I believed and still believe that the US Constitution and its Amendments, particularly the first Ten Amendments, the Bill of Rights, is the greatest document ever written by human beings.


I believe in the Founding Fathers of our nation. They were not perfect (the biggest black mark being that many of them were slave owners) but they were statesmen. They put country above personal interests. Men like George Washington. John Adams. Thomas Jefferson. And James Madison (the author of the Bill of Rights).


They created a document that has survived nearly 224 years, making it the oldest surviving charter since British Nobles forced King John to sign the Magna Charta in 1215, stating that the will of the Monarch cannot be arbitrary. The Magna Charta established basic English Common Law, which remains the basis of our legal system to this day. The Founding Fathers rejected Britain’s rule, but they did not reject British Common Law. The Bill of Rights is largely based on same laws established by the Magna Charta, particularly the 5th and 6th Amendments.

I believe in it because it is not subject to the emotion. It is law. It is what elevates us beyond the baser instincts of our human nature and, as Lincoln said, “appeal[s] to the better angels of our nature.”


And I believe in the American people. I believe in their inherent goodness. I have to. I have to trust you, not only with the lives of my mentally ill children, but with the lives of other autistic and mentally ill children and adults. Even when you fail to look out for them, for they are your fellow Americans as well, I have to believe that one day you will, because over time you have. Over time, you have always, in the end, done what is right. In the end, you have appealed to the better angels of your nature.


And I am proud to be one of you.


But every so often, you must be reminded of the better angels of your nature. Now is one of those times.


One week ago, two bombs went off at the finish line of the Boston Marathon. Three people are dead, including an eight year old boy. The eight year old boy has been described as “active,” which makes me wonder just because “active” is a euphemism in our world for a child with ADHD or other bio-chemical issues that make it difficult for them to be calm relative to other children. But that is beside the point. The point is he is dead.


More than 170 humans were injured, dozens severely. A week later, 55 remain hospitalized in critical condition. According to CNN, at least 12 people have endured amputations of limbs, some enduring multiple amputations.


The suspects are two brothers, Tamerlan Tsarnaev, who apparently died when his younger brother, Dzhokhar Tsarnaev, 19, ran him over with a stolen car and dragged his body down a street in Watertown. Dzokhar was found and taken into custody. He is currently being treated for a serious gunshot wound to the neck, although it unclear if this was caused by the police or by a failed attempt to take his own life.


I do not fault the various police agencies and the FBI in the Boston area. If Dzhokhar was shooting at them, they have the right and the duty to defend themselves and civilians in the area. They did their job and I commend them for that.


My struggle began on Friday afternoon, during the standoff between a cornered Dzhokhar Tsarnaev and police. I was on Facebook and I was watching the comments come up on my “history” in real time.


And they made me sick to my stomach.


People, friends, other parents with mentally ill or autistic children, were literally almost salivating at what then appeared to be the impending death of Dzhokhar. They were like the crowds at the Roman Coliseum, roaring for blood.


They had bloodlust. And somehow they thought such emotion was justified.


I give thanks to that the police were there and that Dzhokar is under protection because it seems we Americans are getting awfully close to a lynch-mob mentality. Wild-West justice. Don’t wait for the trial. Don’t wait for the presentation of evidence. Just kill him.


I have reached a crossroads, an existential crisis. Since Jani’s story became public, I have dedicated my life to saving the lives of the mentally ill, of protecting them from a society that does not yet grasp that violence can be a symptom of severe mental illness. I have dedicated my life to ensuring that no parent will lose their child the way Ron Thomas lost his son Kelly Thomas, beaten and tasered to death by police. In short, I have dedicated my life to preservation of life, even when you don’t want that life preserved. That is why I have spoken out publicly to preserve the life of Jared Loughner and James Holmes. That is why I have fought the belief that Adam Lanza was “evil,” a “monster.”


Because, my fellow Americans, “evil” and “monster” are de-humanizing terms. And when we begin to de-humanize anyone, we begin down the road that allows us to de-humanize anyone.


Let us not forget Hitler said the Jewish people were “evil.” Pol Pot said that the Cambodian intelligentsia were evil, leading to killing of Cambodians simply because they wore eyeglasses. The Hutu Militias said the Tutsi minority in Rwanda were “cockroaches.”


But it is not the same! You cry. I am comparing apples and oranges, you say. Tamerlan and Dzhokhar are killers! you say.




They are SUSPECTED of setting off the bombs in Boston that killed 3 and maimed so many more.


We have a rule in our country: YOU ARE INNOCENT UNTIL PROVEN GUILTY IN A COURT OF LAW BY A JURY OF YOUR PEERS. This is part of the 5th Amendment of the Bill of Rights.


Here is the text of the Fifth Amendment:


No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.


I am not talking about the failure to read Dzhokhar his Miranda rights. When there is a risk of severe and imminent danger to the public that can be waived. No, I am talking about those who wanted him dead without trial, without indictment by a grand jury (for this is surely an “infamous crime”) which requires the presentation of evidence.


This doesn’t mean I think Dzhokhar is innocent. But what I think doesn’t matter BECAUSE WE HAVE LAWS!!!! Laws that we do not throw away simply because we have been hurt.


And then the 6th Amendment guarantees Dzhokhar the right to a trial by an impartial jury of his peers and the opportunity to engage a defense and respond to the charges against him.


The text of the Sixth Amendment:


In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defence.


Some of you don’t like this but you should like it because it was designed to protect you and protect your children. “Well, I am never going to blow people up!” you say. That isn’t the f*cking point! The point is that the law must apply equally to everyone. Equal protection under the law.


You can’t just pick and choose what you want from the US Constitution. You can’t scream about the 2nd Amendment, which pretty clearly, if you understand 18th Century sentence structure, states that the right to bear arms is for the purpose of maintaining a well-regulated (key word being “well-regulated” militia in a time before the United States had a standing army or National Guard, not for any idiot to buy a Glock. But fine, you can have your Glock. But you would die to defend that Amendment you better damn well be prepared to die to defend the others, including the right to a trial by jury. I don’t care if you want Dzhokhar dead. He has not been charged and he has not been tried. No evidence has been presented against him. He has not been found guilty in a court of law or pled guilty before a court of law. So if the police weren’t there to protect him and a mob came to get him, you better f*cking believe I invoke my 2nd Amendment right and hold you off at gunpoint if I had to. And I would kill you if I had to. Because I believe in the Law. I believe in the laws established by the Constitution. And I will defend them to the death because they are the only thing that sometimes separate us from the darkest parts of our nature and the better angels of our nature.


And I would accept whatever the law wanted to do with me, as long as it is the law.


I don’t think many of you understand why I defend these killers. And yes, I believe terrorism is a pathology-not schizophrenia or bipolar but a pathology. Terrorists show behaviors which are consistent with anti-social diagnoses in the DSM-IV. That does not mean I believe they should be let of the hook. Never once, in my defense of Jared Loughner or James Holmes have I EVER said they should not be held accountable for the crimes they committed, mental illness or no. Never once have I said that people should not be held accountable for their actions. I say Loughner and Holmes are mentally ill to EXPLAIN why they did what they did, NOT TO EXCUSE IT. And I say Dzhokhar appears to have some sort of pathological socio-pathological tendencies, to explain (because he sure as hell doesn’t come off like someone who “hates America and wants to destroy our way of life” like I have seen some say), not to excuse.


I am not defending what these men and boys did, should they be found guilty. I could never defend what they did. They destroyed lives and like I said I value ALL LIFE. I defend ALL LIFE. No, what I defend is the rule of law.


And I defend life, even the lives of those who take it.


Because the purpose of our laws, the laws of our Constitution, are to defend life and liberty.


You like me when I defend Jani, because she is cute. But to quote a friend, mental illness isn’t always cute. It isn’t always Jani. Often it is ugly, uncomfortable, vicious, and sometimes deadly.


You’ve only ever seen Jani when she is cute. I have seen the other.


And that is why I stand up for both. I will defend all mental illness, even the ugly side you don’t want to see, the side you would rather see dead.


Some have ripped Susan and I for not listening to the “mental health community” who are “hurt” by our constant connection between mental illness and violence. They say we should “listen.”


I have listened.


But I also have an obligation to listen to those who have no voice because their disease has taken it away.


You see, we are human, and like any other animal, we are driven by own selfish needs. This is what has kept us and our ancestors alive since before they came down from the trees. We formed together into tribes and then into civilizations because it served our common purpose of survival.


And when you are mentally ill, you have a bit of tendency to narcissism. It’s not your fault. Most of us do. I am mentally ill and I have a tendency to narcissism. And narcissism isn’t only about you (no pun intended). It’s about everyone who is like you. You defend your own kind. That is why if you are functionally mentally ill and actively engaged in your own treatment, you hate me drawing connections between you and a mass killer. But that is not what I am doing. I am drawing a connection between us and our own humanity. However much those of you who believe in “evil” want to separate yourselves from killers, you can’t because they are human, too. You keep trying to separate yourself from certain humans and I keep trying to drag you back.




Because if we are human and they are human, where is the line between us? What makes some of not kill and others kill? It can only be something internal, something that we have not discovered yet.


I’m sorry. I believe in humanity. For a long time I didn’t. That is partly why I come off as such an asshole in January First. I lost my faith in humanity because of the judgment toward my daughter. But Jani gave me a precious gift, as did Bodhi. They gave me my humanity back.


Because of Jani, I have seen people go to the darkest places and I have seen them come back. I have seen humanity robbed by schizophrenia and I have seen humanity restored.


You commend me and Susan for not giving up on Jani.


Yet you condemn us for not giving up on those you deem “evil.”


And it is a fine line between Jani and other severely mentally ill kids and “evil monsters.” Somewhere along the line, something snapped. We didn’t see it and death happened.


So the “community” I say, you are the bravest people I know. Every day you live with a struggle most of can never comprehend. I admire you so much. You are my heroes.


But I am asking you go further. It’s not fair I know. Just the fact that you are alive, that you have not taken your own life, should be enough. I wish it was. But it can’t be, not in the world we live in. I need you to move beyond your fear that society will round you up and own those who, for whatever reason, lost the fight.


Because they are human too.


Society will not round you up. I will not let them. I would without question lay down my life in your defense as if you were my son or my daughter. Because you are. I will defend your right to live and your humanity until my last breath. And this is what I am teaching Jani as well.


But we are going to do this, we cannot draw these false distinctions anymore. We cannot disown the violent. Because then we give them no reason to work with us. We must defend all humanity, even its most ugly side.


This is not easy for me, either. On the 12th of February, 1993, two year James Bulger was led away from the side of his mother at a shopping mall in Liverpool, England by two ten year old boys, Robert Thompson and Jon Venebles. They led him across town to some railway tracks where they proceeded to do unspeakable things to him. A two year boy.  Then they dropped a 22 pound iron bar on his head and shattered his skull, which, I am sad to say, was probably merciful considering what they had done to him.


The full story is here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Murder_of_James_Bulger


Thompson and Venebles were caught, tried, and convicted as adults. However, the sentencing laws in the UK are very different and they received ten years, being the maximum the High Court could impose, as well as life-time parole. Upon release, they were given new identities and new lives to protect them. Venebles showed remorse (and has since returned to prison for other reasons). Thompson has never shown any remorse or interest in his crime and now lives under an assumed name somewhere in the UK.


Would I like to blow Robert Thompson’s head off? Yes. Do I feel he deserved to spend the rest of his life in a solitary cell? Yes.


Robert Thompson is the closest to “evil” I can think of. When I think of him, I think of nothing but hatred.


But… the law is the law, in this case, the law of the United Kingdom.


And sadly, if I had to defend his life, as much, oh my God, I would hate it, I would.


People say Susan and would feel different if it were Jani and Bodhi killed. We would want vengeance.


Vengeance? I can’t speak for other parents but I would be unable to function. I would have no interest in living. Without my children, I would want to die. The only possible reason to go on that I could find would be to do good work on this Earth in their name. But it would take me a long time just to get there.


Vengeance I would not feel. For how would killing the murderer of my children bring Jani and Bodhi back? That would be what I want. I would want them back. Killing the guy who did it does nothing for me.


So back to the bloodlust. I get it. I just told you. I never knew James Bulger but I see my son in him. I am not from Liverpool or even from England. And I want Robert Thompson dead.


But I will not teach that to my children. I will teach my children that life must always be defended, even when we would prefer not to.


Those of you who want Dzhokhar dead, what are you teaching your children? Do you think what they think when they see you celebrating a death, even if the person deserved it?


Please, I beg you. Do not teach them that. Whether they are mentally ill, autistic, or neurotypical, teach them that we must always defend life. That we must always fight for life.


Because if we are to help the mentally ill, we must believe that all life has value. Be it cute or be it ugly.


All life has value. All life must be defended.


All life is precious.


That must be our message, even to those who would seek to harm us.


We value life.


We listen to the better angels of our nature.